International Rescue Committee Highlights 10 Humanitarian Crises for 2024

December 14, 2023

10 top crises in the world are predominantly concentrated in countries housing only 10% of the global population but representing a staggering 86% of those in dire humanitarian need.
Bakary Yaou Sangare (not seen), who was made foreign minister after the coup, gives a speech during a protest held outside the French military base urging the withdrawal of French troops from Niger on October 01, 2023. Photo by Anadolu Images.


n a sobering analysis of global humanitarian needs, the International Rescue Committee (IRC) has released its 2024 Emergency Watchlist, pinpointing the top 10 crises that demand immediate international attention. The report, which draws on extensive quantitative and qualitative research, reveals that these crises are predominantly concentrated in countries housing only 10% of the global population but representing a staggering 86% of those in dire humanitarian need.

Sudan tops the list with its intensifying conflict causing widespread displacement and a collapsing healthcare system. The fighting, particularly severe in Khartoum and Darfur, has more than doubled the number of people in need of humanitarian support within a year.

The oPt, especially Gaza, is enduring catastrophic consequences due to ongoing conflicts. The destruction of vital infrastructure has left the healthcare system on the verge of collapse, further exacerbating the humanitarian emergency.

Since its independence, South Sudan has grappled with insecurity. The current economic crisis and increased flooding have put an enormous strain on food production, affecting millions.

Burkina Faso: Escalating Violence

In Burkina Faso, violence from armed groups has grown, significantly impacting the population with increasing humanitarian needs due to limited access to basic services and goods.

The military takeover in Myanmar has led to widespread conflict, displacing over 2 million people and severely impacting civilian lives and access to humanitarian aid.

The recent withdrawal of U.N. peacekeeping forces in Mali has heightened safety concerns, with increased violence impeding the delivery of aid and vital services.

Repeated climate shocks, including drought and flooding, have devastated Somalia, driving significant humanitarian needs and complicating recovery efforts.

Niger: Coup Consequences

The July 2023 coup in Niger has led to political tensions and economic challenges, severely limiting the country’s ability to provide public services and increasing humanitarian needs.

Ethiopia faces a complex crisis due to consecutive years of drought, multiple conflicts, and persistent inflation, putting many at risk of food insecurity.

Ongoing conflict, political tensions, and climate shocks in the DRC have created one of the world’s most severe humanitarian crises, with millions in need of assistance.

The IRC’s report emphasizes the disproportionate impact these crises have on global poverty and displacement. It calls for urgent and sustained international action to address these challenges and provide support to those most in need. The organization continues to provide critical assistance in these regions, focusing on emergency health care, shelter, and various support services, while advocating for increased funding and access to ensure effective humanitarian response.

Source: The International Rescue Committee.

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