Read: The Geopolitics of Russia-Turkey Relations amid the Ukraine WarContrary to Turkey’s expectations, security issues between Ankara and Washington could not be resolved in the first year of the Biden administration.
ho would have thought that French President Emmanuel Macron and the Muslim minority living under pressure in France especially during his term, would breathe a sigh of relief at the same time, for the same reason, albeit for a temporary period! The war launched by Russian President Vladimir Putin on February 24, 2022, on the grounds of the “demilitarizing and de-Nazification of Ukraine,” turned the political climate in France upside down.
Response from state and civil society in Central Asia
Speaking of Turkmenistan's official position, which is unclear at present on the Russia-Ukraine war, Luca Anceschi noted that Turkmenistan "is a country where war is not debated in the public press.
n February 24, in the morning, following Russian President Vladimir Putin’s public address to the nation, Russia launched its so-called special military operation, which has proven to be a full-scale invasion and war, never officially declared as such by Moscow.
nterest in the history of statehood arose in the minds of the intellectual elite of the Russian society in the second half of the 18th century, largely under the influence of the French Enlightenment, the ideas of which Empress Catherine II tried to apply locally in the first decade of her reign.