Even since the end of the Cold War, the NAM summits have been taking place in countries that are particularly known as allies of Russia such as Cuba, Iran, and Venezuela.
EM countries include Argentina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile, China, Colombia, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Latvia, and Lithuania, Malaysia, Mexico, Peru, the Philippines, Poland, Romania, Russia, South Africa, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, and Ukraine.
This deterioration also happened externally through the continued decline of the French role in Africa, the complete loss of its role to Russia in the Central African Republic and Mali, and the loss of its influence in Libya and Algeria to Turkey.
Germany’s modern submarine operation concept warrants this as it is designed to counter increasing Russian influence in the shallow waters of the Baltic Sea.
This development comes amidst the unease that European NATO members – in particular, the former Communist states of Central and Eastern Europe – of the prospective scenario of a resurgent Russia that has increased its investment in conventional force modernization, cyberwarfare, and hybrid warfare capabilities.
Qatar, China, Iran, and Russia played their role too.
In the past, great powers exploited Africans as colonies and pawns, but now the tables have turned—China and Russia are undermining American and European dominance—and African leaders look forward to playing a new version of the great game, this time in a starring role.
, China, and Russia have indicated their intentions to use AI in the military field and increase their advantage.
n August 23, 2021, Kyiv hosted the first convention of the International Crimea Platform, which has been presented as a “consultative and coordination format with the aim of peacefully ending the Russian Federation’s temporary occupation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol and to restore control of Ukraine over this territory in full accordance with international law.
Read: Iran’s Accession to the Eurasian Union Will Benefit Russia and KazakhstanChina has been increasing their purchase of Iranian crude at a steep discount, especially with new refiners and petrochemical facilities starting up within China that require the type of oil Iran produces.
First, the export of UAVs to Eastern Europe will create a new dimension to NATO’s security approach against Russia.
” But now that the Taliban anticipates victory, it sees little or no advantage in forging close diplomatic ties with New Delhi, especially given neighboring Pakistan, China and Iran, along with Russia have each expressed a willingness to accept and normalize a future Taliban controlled Afghan government.
The Americans are not interested much in competing with France for influence in Tunisia, and have far more important issues such as Afghanistan, Iraq, China, Russia, and COVID-19.
Read: Will the United States Contain Russia or China, or Both?Predictably, AEI was one of the loudest voices urging for a war and invasion of Iraq prior to that calamitous decision by the George W.