Ali Resul Usul discussed the Chinese influence since the 2000s and underscored that there is a crucial China factor that must be taken into consideration and that the new Belt and Road Initiative will have multifold effects on EU and that EU’s reaction to these forces is unforeseeable as of yet.
org/turkey-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-energy-equation/ Right before his first face-to-face meeting with President Trump, President Erdoğan attended the “Belt and Road Summit” in Beijing on May 14 and 15, in which he met around 30 world leaders.
The Chinese government organized a forum on May 14-15 and announced its long-anticipated “One Belt, One Road (OBOR)” initiative in Beijing.
The two Gulf countries also form an important pillar of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), and the UAE and Saudi Arabia ranked the second and third largest recipients of China’s construction investments under the BRI respectively.
Taking up arms and intercommunal tensions have been politicized, as is largely the case with the Niger-Delta crisis in the country's south-south zone, conflicts between Fulani herders and local farmers in the Middle Belt and other parts of Nigeria, Muslim-Christian clashes in Kaduna, and the Boko Haram insurgency in the northeast.
In the last several years, China has cultivated commercial interests in Ukraine, including defense industry and critical infrastructure within the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), and hence would be unlikely to welcome hostilities in this country.
Among other reasons, this is why Jair Bolsonaro is soon visiting Moscow, Alberto Fernandez decided to join the Chinese-led Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), and Bukele visited Turkey.
Furthermore, with the development of China’s Belt and Road Initiative and other regional economic initiatives such as the Turkmenistan–Afghanistan–Pakistan–India natural gas pipeline project, the region’s strategic geo-economic/political value for Russia will only increase.
Read: The Myth of Apolitical China: Why the West Refuses to Accept China’s Superpower StatusChinese expansion into Israel comes within the framework of Chinese President Xi Jinping's Belt and Road Initiative, under which China could invest billions of U.
The fact that the Road and Belt Initiative - a long-term strategy aimed at connecting Asia with Africa and Europe via land and maritime networks - is a modern interpretation of the Silk Road, which was a network of ancient trade routes which linked China to the Mediterranean region, is enough to tell us about the nature of the Chinese model.
Although China has pitched its ‘One Belt, One Road’ (OBOR) initiative as an opportunity for enhancing commerce between Europe and Asia, the underlying reality is that the OBOR enables China to tighten its economic leverage over much of Europe and Asia.
Inside the Beltway, the prevailing view is that Chinese companies and Russian mercenaries are creating mischief, exploiting Africa’s weaknesses for their own gains while sabotaging Western efforts to strengthen local militaries against growing threats of cross-border terrorism and insurgency.
In other words, work to improve China’s Belt and Road Initiative instead of trying to subvert it, duplicate it or ignore it.
China has been given an opportunity to gain a footing in the Middle East, which is a place they have tried to increase influence through Belt and Road investments.
From the Taliban’s perspective, it’s fledgling relationship with China offers the most upside, given the Asian country’s status as a regional and global superpower, and its desire to include Afghanistan as part of its Belt and Road Initiative, having expressed interest to construct a motorway connecting Kabul to Peshawar, Pakistan, as reported by the Daily Beast.
Not so long ago, China, through its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), has expended its partnership with Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, North Macedonia, and Serbia.
On the Chinese side, the Belt and Road Initiative continues to advance, while strategic agreements are being signed with Russia, Pakistan, and Iran with the aim of positioning China at the heart of global supply chains for raw materials and shipping routes.
”Read: Orthodoxy and Russian Foreign Policy: A Story of Rise and FallCoupled with Kazakhstani determination to boost its ties with China through the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and the diminishing role of the Russian language – trendy in the whole macro-region – this news is yet another cause for worry, signaling Russia’s forfeiture of its formerly strong stance in Kazakhstan, a member of the Eurasian Economic Union, to both China and Turkey.