The UnitedStates’ withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM Treaty or ABMT) and the recent mutual withdrawal from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty have been important milestones in Russia’s perception and assessment of strategic competition and balance of power.
The most striking example of this new international structure manifests itself in how Saudi and Emirati national interests dictated and enabled these Gulf monarchies to respond to the Russian attacks in Ukraine more cautiously and openly refusing an automatic alignment with the UnitedStates.
Leaving a military- and security-based foreign policy and adopting active diplomacy is likely to help Saudi Arabia balance its security reliance on the UnitedStates as an external guarantor and hail the Kingdom as a initiator of a new security architecture.
The idea of global messianic universalism under Western leadership—especially that of the UnitedStates—is fading away as the world grows more diverse and unstable in the wake of Western ascendency after the outcomes of the Cold War.
During the UN Security Council vote condemning the Russian invasion of Ukraine, one of the UnitedStates’ most important partners in the Gulf, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), ignored Washington’s pleas and abstained from condemning the invasion.
Read: China Beware, Russia-Ukraine War Unified EU and NATO As Never Before
The second decade after the Cold War
The second decade following the end of the Cold War was sealed by 9/11 when the UnitedStates’ “war on terror” and NATO’s activation of Article 5 for the first time in its history brought the alliance into Afghanistan.
What makes Russia a suitable supplier of arms to certain Southeast Asian countries is that it offers cheaper equipment, barter as a payment alternative, and does not consider human rights records unlike Europe and the UnitedStates.
Read: Russia’s War in Ukraine and the Global Struggle for Power
The UnitedStates: double standards?
The UnitedStates has been publicly accusing the Russian military and civilian leadership of war crimes.