The idea of global messianic universalism under Western leadership—especially that of the UnitedStates—is fading away as the world grows more diverse and unstable in the wake of Western ascendency after the outcomes of the Cold War.
During the UN Security Council vote condemning the Russian invasion of Ukraine, one of the UnitedStates’ most important partners in the Gulf, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), ignored Washington’s pleas and abstained from condemning the invasion.
Read: China Beware, Russia-Ukraine War Unified EU and NATO As Never Before
The second decade after the Cold War
The second decade following the end of the Cold War was sealed by 9/11 when the UnitedStates’ “war on terror” and NATO’s activation of Article 5 for the first time in its history brought the alliance into Afghanistan.
What makes Russia a suitable supplier of arms to certain Southeast Asian countries is that it offers cheaper equipment, barter as a payment alternative, and does not consider human rights records unlike Europe and the UnitedStates.
Read: Russia’s War in Ukraine and the Global Struggle for Power
The UnitedStates: double standards?
The UnitedStates has been publicly accusing the Russian military and civilian leadership of war crimes.
The “National Security Strategy” defines the main principles of Ukraine’s national security, which include identifying Russia as a long-term threat to its national security and developing closer relations with the European Union, NATO, and the UnitedStates.
Read: An Axis of Evil: Why Russia and China Protect Myanmar’s Military RegimeWashington’s strategic calculation, namely that by not calling crimes against the Rohingya a genocide, the UnitedStates would in due course steer Myanmar’s most powerful stakeholder, the military, away from Washington’s number one imperial rival, China, also proved patently false.
According to news on social media, Russian cyber threat actors such as Conti, APT28, APT29, Turla, CyberBerkut, Sandworm, Gamaredon, and GhostWriter target not only Ukraine but also conduct cyberattacks against NATO, Europe, and the UnitedStates.
Read: The GCC States’ Russian Dilemma
Food insecurity in the MENA region is a growing challenge
Even before the Russia-Ukraine war and the COVID19 pandemic, the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimated that over 55 million of the 415 million MENA population was undernourished.
invasion of Iraq in 2003, the Russian invasion of Georgia in 2008, the unlawful withdrawal of the UnitedStates from the Iran nuclear deal in 2018, and Israel's bombing of Gaza, can be analyzed as decisive in shaping Putin's Ukraine policy.