lmost 70 years after the establishment of the United Nations (UN), the aim to protect international peace and security remains as relevant and urgent as ever.
As a result, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHCR) estimates that more than 7.
During Donald Trump’s presidency, Turkey-United States relations were quite problematic, to say the least.
The idea of global messianic universalism under Western leadership—especially that of the United States—is fading away as the world grows more diverse and unstable in the wake of Western ascendency after the outcomes of the Cold War.
Read: Iran's Proxies in the Middle East: A Halted Transition to Politics?Although the United States joined the nuclear negotiations in April 2021, the negotiations stalled in May.
As the global shipping slowed because of COVID19-related restrictions, manufacturing industries were also urged to relocate their factories from China to the United States and Europe.
During the UN Security Council vote condemning the Russian invasion of Ukraine, one of the United States’ most important partners in the Gulf, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), ignored Washington’s pleas and abstained from condemning the invasion.
Read: China Beware, Russia-Ukraine War Unified EU and NATO As Never Before The second decade after the Cold War The second decade following the end of the Cold War was sealed by 9/11 when the United States’ “war on terror” and NATO’s activation of Article 5 for the first time in its history brought the alliance into Afghanistan.
What makes Russia a suitable supplier of arms to certain Southeast Asian countries is that it offers cheaper equipment, barter as a payment alternative, and does not consider human rights records unlike Europe and the United States.
The “National Security Strategy” defines the main principles of Ukraine’s national security, which include identifying Russia as a long-term threat to its national security and developing closer relations with the European Union, NATO, and the United States.
Read: An Axis of Evil: Why Russia and China Protect Myanmar’s Military RegimeWashington’s strategic calculation, namely that by not calling crimes against the Rohingya a genocide, the United States would in due course steer Myanmar’s most powerful stakeholder, the military, away from Washington’s number one imperial rival, China, also proved patently false.
According to news on social media, Russian cyber threat actors such as Conti, APT28, APT29, Turla, CyberBerkut, Sandworm, Gamaredon, and GhostWriter target not only Ukraine but also conduct cyberattacks against NATO, Europe, and the United States.
Syria has been a testing ground given the United States’ unwillingness to intervene further.
Foreign fighters reportedly came from 52 countries including the United States, France, and Japan.
Japan was quick to adopt sanctions in line with the United States, and has stressed at every turn that it stands shoulder to shoulder with its international partners in the West.
Read: The GCC States’ Russian Dilemma Food insecurity in the MENA region is a growing challenge Even before the Russia-Ukraine war and the COVID19 pandemic, the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimated that over 55 million of the 415 million MENA population was undernourished.