Perhaps the most important geopolitical puzzle since the collapse of the Soviet Union 25 years ago has been whether the UnitedStates will reorient its grand strategy to contain and encircle another rising great power, which is most likely to be China.
In order to assess the geopolitical dimensions of the failed coup in Turkey, first of all, one has to acknowledge that there is a near consensus in Turkey that the failed military coup was executed by the followers of Fetullah Gülen, who has been living in the UnitedStates since 1999.
Adherents of the movement constituted a powerful web of institutions that extracted capital and human resources across a wide geography that spans from Latin America to Sub-Saharan Africa and from the UnitedStates to Central Asia.
the UnitedStates and Russia, follow the same logic of the Sykes-Picot and attempt to decide the fate of the Middle East by taking into consideration their own interests rather than those of the indigenous peoples.
What probably explains the timing of the Russian military intervention in Syria in Fall 2015 were a series of defeats that the Assad regime suffered in the summer of 2015 against the opposition forces that are supported by Turkey, France, and the UnitedStates in some cases.