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China and Russia on the rise
In recent years, China and Russia have expanded their presence in Africa, raising the concerns of European countries and the UnitedStates.
The oil crisis of the 1970s showed that governments and outside actors can intervene in the markets, and the UnitedStates and its Western allies began to search for alternative energy supplies other than those imported.
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The report found the fielding of newer, more capable, and longer ranged SLBMs will give the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) “the ability to target the continental UnitedStates from littoral waters” and allow it “to consider bastion operations to enhance the survivability of its sea-based deterrent.
"We have to understand that President Putin is ready to be in this war for a long time and to launch new offensives," Stoltenberg continued with a notable emphasis on maintaining a strong and united alliance in the face of challenges from Russia and other external threats.