NATO was hesitant to get involved in the uprisings in the Middle East and North Africa after the Iraq and Afghanistan experiences, and failed to reach a consensus among its member states on Syria or Libya.
The commentator on the French television channel BFM put it thus, “They were not Syrians fleeing the bombings of the Syrian regime, but Europeans, with cars like ours, who simply set out to save their lives.
Read: The Rise of Bitcoin and its Ambiguous Future De-dollarizing MENA In the MENA region, Iran has conducted trade in national currencies with Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq, and is seeking further trade with Turkey which has been reluctant in growing its trade in national currencies due to sanctions.
From the beginning of the Syrian uprising, several Arab countries were almost unanimous in isolating the Syrian regime to punish it for its violations of Arab League resolutions and the rights of the Syrian people.
Read: What Role Can Turkey Play Between Russia and Ukraine in Antalya?Furthermore, Russia and Turkey developed a model of damage control through high-level dialogue, compartmentalization of issues, and keeping cooperation intact, especially in Syria, Ukraine, and Libya, where Ankara and Moscow have different approaches.
A report by the Syrians for Truth and Justice (STJ) organization noted that the recruitment process is “still in its early stages,” whereby the personal information of volunteers is being collected in preparation for their training by Russian forces.
Japan even announced it would admit refugees from Ukraine, a significant move since for decades the country has been criticized for flouting international norms of refugee protection—and was criticized by G7 partners for its stated reluctance to accept Syrian refugees during the 2015 crisis.
” Russia has been an important collaborator with Iran namely in Syria, while the JCPOA is set to change Iran’s capabilities in the region.
First, Russia does not hesitate to intervene militarily and support a pro-Russian regime through political and military means, such as the case of Syria.
Europe didn’t show the same excitement for the war in Syria or in Yemen.
For example, one can focus on the human rights aspect and, in this context, on how much Russia's previous war tactics in Chechnya and Syria have come to the fore in Ukraine.
” To these Iranian proxies, the presence of Iran’s militias in Syria must also be added.
In other words, the pandemic could not prevent conflicts across the globe, like those in Syria and Libya, while its consequences can devastate the order of the international political system.
Cuba, Vietnam, Afghanistan, Yugoslavia, and finally Syria have been theaters of this struggle.
Although it is too early to talk about an “alliance formation” between Turkey and Israel, Iranian expansion across the Middle East and its capacity to inflict damage on other regional actors from the Persian Gulf to Israel and from Yemen to Syria makes it a common source of concern for both Turkey and Israel.
Read: Comparing Russian Military Interventions in Syria and Ukraine Is MisguidedBehind the 2014 public demonstrations, there were mainly economic reasons and mistrust against the authorities.