He continued to play with the nerves of the international system, as he has done in Georgia, Syria, Libya, and South Caucasus in the absence of effective U.
In general, the Syrian war has enabled the Kremlin to make a quiet “comeback” in the Middle East.
While considering the protests in Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen, Bahrain, and Libya as a phenomenon inspired by its Islamic Revolution of 1979, Iran regarded the mass protests in Syria and Iraq as a conspiracy initiated by its enemies: the Zionists, the West, and their regional allies like Saudi Arabia and the UAE.
Turkey can cooperate and/or contain Russia in the Middle East and Central Asia, it has strategic relationship with Azerbaijan and Ukraine, and has a role in the Afghanistan peace process, not to mention Syria and Iraq.
” The Patriarch went on to say that “Hezbollah shouldn’t remain free in using arms whenever and wherever he wants and shouldn’t be capable of deciding wars in Israel, in Syria, in Iraq, in Yemen, with disregard to the government, the president and the parliament.
” With Russia’s military and diplomatic focus in Europe and the Middle East, as conflicts in Syria and Ukraine continue to strain its energy and resources, and with Moscow happy to outsource its foreign policy in South Asia to Beijing, it’s actions in the region will be confined to the sale of its natural resources and weapons on a bilateral and transactional basis, with India importing $11 billion per year in Russian energy and arms, and Pakistan recently executing a $10 billion oil pipeline deal with Russia in 2019.
They are perfectly placed to lobby local MPs to support the TRNC in the UK Parliament and even fight for wider Turkish causes such as Turkey’s military operations in northern Syria against the PKK, as well as Turkey’s maritime disputes with Greece in the Aegean.
In Palestine, Hilarion Capucci, a Syrian Roman Catholic priest who was located in Jerusalem, was involved in smuggling weapons to the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) through Jordan and Lebanon.
Egyptian passengers could board a ferry at Nuweiba, cross over to Jordan’s Aqaba, and then use the Jordanian road network to access Iraq and even Syria when the security situation permits.
"Read: French "Enlightenment Islam" and State AuthoritarianismAccording to the report, the Muslim community in France will grow in number primarily as a result of high migration rates following the crisis that has resulted from the outbreak of the Syrian civil war and the series of anti-government protests known as the Arab Spring.
Afghanistan has surpassed Iraq and Syria as the world’s deadliest terrorist hot spot.
He continued to say that Iran should not forget that the planes behind him could reach every corner in the Middle East, including Iran and Syria.
support for a Kurdish paramilitary group in Syria known as the YPG has been a particular flash point between the two allies.
This translates to a significant strategic focus on regional security in the Gulf and on Iranian influence in conflict theaters like Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon.
This aside, the normalization with Israel and the Turkish-supported GNA victory in Western Libya, the Saudi-UAE de jure rule in Yemen, and the Turkish-Russian de facto rule in Syria stabilized regional affairs and put volatile stalemates on hold.
Later, when the British Empire replaced the Ottomans and the creation of a Zionist entity in historical Palestine became a reality, a second wave of Palestinians, Syrians, and Lebanese immigrants crossed the Atlantic populating almost every country of the Latin American geography.
Read: Syrian Refugeehood, Racism and the Lebanese QuestionSectarian affiliation branched out into every aspect of social, political, and economic life.
According to a report by the UNHCR in October 2020, since the beginning of the Syrian civil war, Turkey has hosted approximately 3.