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Iran’s Proxies in the Middle East: A Halted Transition to Politics?

The country stayed neutral during the two World Wars, “solved” the oil nationalization crisis in the early 1950s without facing military aggression - unlike Gamal Abdel Nasser’s Egypt which was jointly attacked by Israel, the United Kingdom, and France upon President Nasser’s nationalization of the Suez Canal in 1956 - and even got away with the Iran hostage crisis at the end of 1979 without an open military confrontation.