While considering the protests in Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen, Bahrain, and Libya as a phenomenon inspired by its Islamic Revolution of 1979, Iran regarded the mass protests in Syria and Iraq as a conspiracy initiated by its enemies: the Zionists, the West, and their regional allies like Saudi Arabia and the UAE.
How do these conditions help build the Great Maghreb integration project in which the Moroccan and Algerian people place so much hope? Since 1989, the date of its creation, the Arab Maghreb Union between Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Mauritania, and Libya, with its headquarters in Rabat, has been at a standstill.
Their presence stretches from the Canary Islands of Spain to Morocco, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt.
These exports also facilitated the Turkish exports to Egypt (BMC-Ejder), Kuwait (Ejder), Oman (FNSS-Pars), Qatar (BMC-Ejder Yalçın, Amazon, KIRPI II), and Tunisia (BMC-Ejder Yalçın, Vuran) with procurement deals worth more than US$2 billion.
How they moved from Jordan, to Lebanon, to Tunisia, to establish a state under occupation “until things get clearer.
He highlighted how war in Libya would drive refugees out into neighbouring countries and put a strain over the fragile transitions in Egypt and Tunisia.
However, his act of self-immolation which was a protest against his dire economic condition and the confiscation of his vending wheelbarrow resonated on a deeper level with his fellow Tunisians and the whole region over the next few years.
” Another Muslim member of the foundation is Hakim El Karoui of Tunisian descent from the liberal Institute Montaigne.
It was the self-immolation of a simple fruit and vegetable vendor, Mohamed Bouazizi in the Tunisian town of Sidi Bouzid on December 17, 2010 that called attention to the plight of the Tunisian people, igniting a nationwide uprising that drove a corrupt dictator, Ben Ali, from power.
It must be admitted that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan played a significant role in achieving the ceasefire by conducting an active diplomacy with both regional and international actors, such as Russia, Germany, Algeria and Tunisia.
In fact, he could have invented “French Islam” with Tunisia’s overthrown leader Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali had he not been toppled.
This movement’s potential to change the political structures of significant actors in the region, such as Tunisia, Jordan, Syria, Libya and Yemen, led to some disparities in regional politics.
This axis had an active role in the coup process that occurred in Egypt in 2013, in the descent of Tunisia into political crisis following 2013, in the deep chaos that ensued in Yemen following 2015 and in the Syrian crisis becoming impossible to solve.
In other countries such as Algeria, Morocco, Jordan, Tunisia, and Iraq, the Muslim Brotherhood established political parties that officially served as political actors.
Third, the Sunni Muslim states that support the Muslim Brotherhood and which embraced the political openings of 2011—Qatar and Turkey—form a camp that also includes Tunisia and Libya’s internationally-recognized government.
It can be argued that the motivations of protestors that led the toppling of the Al-Bashir government were similar to that of the masses during the Arab revolution protests that began in December 2010 in Tunisia, and which followed in Egypt, Libya, Syria, and Yemen.