The attack on protestors in Khartoum is very much similar to the unfortunate experience that Egyptian revolutionaries were subjected during their army’s bloody attack on Rabaa Adawiya Square on August 14, 2013.
In his book entitled The Birth of Israel: Myths and Realities, Simha Flapan underlines that Saudi troops never confronted the Israeli security forces whereas the fronts against Israel mostly comprised of Egyptian troops.
The role of Washington in motivating particularly the Arabs during both Arab-Israeli wars and the peace agreements Israel signed with Egypt and Jordan after the wars cannot be denied.
The 2013 military coup in Egypt and the emergence of a regime that does not pose a threat to Israel's security can also be seen as an important factor that opened the way for Tel-Aviv to seek for much bigger ambitions in Middle East politics.
Up to now, in the confrontation between Turkey and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus on the one hand, and Southern Cyprus, Greece, Israel, and Egypt (which are backed by the U.
On the one side were Saudi Arabia and its Arab allies (the UAE, Egypt and Bahrain) who are against Doha, and on the other side were Turkey, Iran and, to a lesser extent, Russia, which support Doha.
The Levantine Basin contains the territorial waters of Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, the Gaza Strip, Egypt, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) and the Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus (GCASC).
Turkey first expressed its concrete opinion on the subject with the diplomatic note published on March 2, 2004, following the delimitation agreement signed between the Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus (GCASC) and Egypt in 2003.
And the second is the continuation of good relationships with countries such as Egypt and Israel that lie in the new Washington-supported Mediterranean belt.
However, geopolitical rivals such as Egypt, Israel, and Greece, are trying to undermine Turkey’s role in this sector.
This development was followed by the discoveries of the Aphrodite gas field of the southern coast of Cyprus in 2011 and the Zohr field in Egypt’s EEZ –the biggest gas field of the region– in 2015.
It can be argued that the figures against the Muslim Brotherhood receive strong lobbying funds from anti-Brotherhood countries including Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and most importantly, Egypt.
Jordan—unlike Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE)—has not designated the Muslim Brotherhood a terrorist organization, which reflects the king’s feeling that there is an ambush for both Palestinians and Jordanians that would deprive them of their right to be accountable for the holy sites in the old city of Jerusalem.
In other words, with logistic support from the UAE and Egypt, and with political patronage from France, the UN’s silence and the UNGA’s unresponsiveness, Haftar has been attacking the legitimate government for over 16 days now.
Furthermore, there were clear lessons from the 2011 Arap Spring: counter-revolution and old-guards would always pounce back at the gains of the revolution – as happened in Egypt with General Sisi.