On the regional level there are three major actors that supported the military coup in Egypt: Israel, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
Erdogan also received phone calls from leaders of Middle Eastern countries, such as Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Morocco, Iraq and Palestine.
While the Iranian model is based on Shiite sectarianism, the Saudi model offers Sunni sectarianism or Wahhabism as its legitimacy base.
Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt cut diplomatic relations with Qatar and started a political and economic blockade on a tiny nation of 300.
Jordan’s hesitance in joining the Saudi-led political campaign against Qatar caused disappointment for Riyadh.
If the Trump administration does not succeed in forging a broad coalition willing to isolate Iran, a handful of European allies and Israel, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Egypt in the region, as part of an anti-Iran front, will only support its new Iran strategy.
In such a scenario, countries like Turkey, Egypt, Israel and Saudi Arabia would feel the pressure that may be caused from Iran’s expansionist policies.
Obama suggested that Iran had a rightful place in the region and would need to “share” the region with Saudi Arabia among others, signaling the regional accommodation of Iran.
The United States, Israel and Saudi Arabia are the leading countries that see Iran as a major threat to stability in the Middle East.
This has caused them to reconsider their relations with aggressive actors in the region such as the UAE and Saudi Arabia.
Third is the fact that Egypt is an irreplaceable actor in the emerging regional alliance between Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Israel and the U.
to maintain presence in Syria, signalling out Saudi Arabia, French President Macron has kept close contact with the White House.
or many years, Saudi Arabia has followed a passive foreign policy under the security umbrella of the United States.
The most it expects to achieve is to hand the Assad regime the perfect control over the entire country so that it can have its proxy power to trouble its long time regional rivals such as Israel, Saudi Arabia, and if circumstances dictate, Turkey.
For decades, small Gulf states were dependent or more realistically “threatened” by Saudi Arabia and Iran.
"456 of these companies had Turkish partners, 124 had Syrian partners, and 79 had Saudi Arabian partners.
The conflict between Gulf countries reached its peak in mid-2017 as the trio of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Bahrain enforced a diplomatic, political and economic embargo on Qatar.