ust as the Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman offered to cooperate with Britain to spread “moderate Islam” together, earlier this year, Hakim el Karoui, an advisor to the French President Emmanuel Macron, embarked on cooperation with the UAE to invent a “French Islam.
Since Turkey stands alone in Idlib, European states have avoided taking strategic responsibility, the US has sidelined itself and Gulf States like Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates view Idlib as a zero-sum game to undermine Turkey.
If there is one single issue that has bedeviled Turkey’s relationship with the GCC and Saudi Arabia, it is Turkey’s past efforts to cultivate strong ties with Egypt under President Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood government.
It is time for the international community to step forward, especially Saudi Arabia and the UAE, to help Sudan establish its democracy rather than arming and financing the anti-democratic clique.
The declared aim of the pressure was put into 12 tough demands by Pompeo, which required Iran: To, inter alia, permanently and verifiably abandon every single military dimensions of Iran’s nuclear program; to cease “proliferation of ballistic missiles and halt further launching or development of nuclear-capable missile systems”; to quite “its support to Middle East "terrorist" groups, including Hezbollah, Hamas and Islamic Jihad”; to withdraw “all forces under Iran's command throughout the entirety of Syria”; to terminate “the Islamic Revolutionary Guard corps-linked Quds Force's support for "terrorists" and "militant" partners around the world; and to end “its threatening behavior against its neighbors, many of whom are US allies, including its threats to destroy Israel and its firing of missiles at Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, and threats to international shipping and destructive cyberattacks”.
For instance, Netflix removed an episode of the “Patriot Act” discussing the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi from its service in Saudi Arabia.
Then on May 13, tankers, of which one belonged to Saudi Arabia and was carrying Saudi oil, were sabotaged and the tankers were seriously damaged but no oil spill occurred.
Military actors in Sudan have been receiving support from various regional countries, similar to Egypt, particularly from those in the Gulf region, such as Saudi Arabia and the UAE.
However, the real alarming development was the attacks on the important oil facilities and tankers in Saudi Arabia and the UAE, in a way that reminded of the threats made by Iranian officials on the lines of “If we cannot sell oil from the Gulf, nobody can.
While Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain developed strong ties with Israel, Oman hosted Israeli Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu.