he PKK rally in Cologne, Germany, on September 16 raised questions once again on Germany’s democratic standards and commitment to bilateral relations with Turkey.
In this past three months, I had the opportunity to directly witness the freedom PKK members and their supporters enjoy here in Belgium, especially at the European institutions in Brussels.
urkey’s fight against PKK terrorism dates back to early 1980s, and since that time, despite suffering from various unpleasant experiences, the Turkish military has made considerable progress towards enhancing skills, knowledge and expertise in many areas in dealing with counter-terrorism operations.
Turkey is facing another round of escalation of terrorism and hardening counter-terrorism policy in its struggle against the PKK.
ounded by the PKK terrorist organization in 2003, PYD developed into a critical actor in Syria after 2011.
he PKK leader calling his terrorist organization twice to leave Turkey or leave armed engagement did not find a response by the KCK and Turkey witnessed thousands of terrorists attacks during the cease-fire period that began in 2013.
presence in Syria with a quest to divide the country by empowering the PKK/ YPG terror group poses a common threat to Turkey, Russia, and Iran, even though their reasons and priorities diverge.
Maintaining the Grain Deal will be very challenging for Ukraine, Turkey, and the UN.
The Tehran Summit will have serious regional and international implications.
Meanwhile, the Russian military occupation of Chechnya and the emergence of PKK terrorism burst the illusion among the public that Western support was forthcoming and reliable.
The first is the terror threat to Turkey that both countries directly challenge with their security perceptions of the PKK, and the second is the arms embargo against Turkey.
n April 2022, I had the opportunity to visit northern Syria, Azaz and Idlib, which locals define as liberated both from the PKK terror and from the tyranny of Bashar al-Assad since Turkey's military operations in 2016.
urkey’s Ministry of National Defence announced the launch of a new cross-border military operation called “Operation Claw-Lock” against the PKK in northern Iraq on April 18.
Moreover, elements within the PMF such as Kata'ib Hezbollah and Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq with strong ties to Iran, have been trying to hinder Turkey’s fight against PKK terror in northern Iraq as they present it as “a violation of Iraq’s sovereignty,” a point which was also made by Iraj Masjedi, Iran’s ambassador in Baghdad last year in February.
Syrian Kurds who fled Afrin in 2018 with the YPG/PKK are now returning to Afrin from the Shahba region, controlled by the YPG/SDF, and the Syrian regime-held Aleppo and Erbil.