In the period following, the ‘security paradigm’ that Turkey previously had along the axis of the threat perception shaped by the Cold War and in terms of the strategies imposed by conjectural conditions has evolved into a ‘security vulnerability’.
s we countdown the days towards the referendum, the process of changes that may come from the Presidency system have been discussed with various perspectives in a variety of different circles.
We placed certain concepts like “justice” and “comprehension” in between these.
The default alternative is the continuation of the Cold War alliance structure with slight modifications, where Russia is perceived as an anti-American power that needs to be contained, whereas China continues to be the most favoured nation in economic terms as part of a quasi-appeasement strategy.
China’s slowing economic growth, Brexit, Donald Trump’s economic promises, the US Federal Reserve’s (Fed) interest rate decisions, and the increasing fragility of European banks descended over us like a nightmare for the global economy.
The "America First" campaign that focused on the so-called international threats faced by the U.
Turkey can use only domestic coal and lignite resources to meet energy demand, whereas current production of those is not enough.
In the early 1990s, Turkey’s role in the South Caucasus was seen as part of a greater scheme of liberalization, westernization, and Europeanization.
In order to achieve this, huge resources are allocated and numerous large-scale and large-budget projects are introduced.
In a statement issued for the commencement of the 2016–2017 academic year, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan emphasized the importance of closing the gaps in the education system, saying, “Turkey ought to close the gaps exploited by treacherous gangs in the education system and move on.
On August 23, 2016, Turkey launched Operation Euphrates Shield in northern Syria, with the aim of fighting the terror group Daesh and expelling them from the border areas west of the Euphrates.
Serhan Afacan interviewed Professor Şener Aktürk and talked about the present international developments with regard to the geopolitical crisis in the Caucasus, Ukraine, and the Middle East.
In order to assess the geopolitical dimensions of the failed coup in Turkey, first of all, one has to acknowledge that there is a near consensus in Turkey that the failed military coup was executed by the followers of Fetullah Gülen, who has been living in the United States since 1999.
Do you think the mainstream media in Germany is getting more and more obsessed with the current Turkish government? Are they disturbed of the Turkish government or of the religious or conservative values of the Turkish people who brought this political party to power? I would like to answer your question with offering a different perspective.
Some economists argue that this new normal of slower growth has been caused by inadequate demand, while others emphasize that supply-side factors such as sluggish productivity growth has been preventing developed countries from coming round.