Many religious scholars were punished harshly and even executed at the Independence Courts (İstiklal Mahkemeleri), while Sufi lodges and medreses were closed down, right after the establishment of the Republic of Turkey, which was imitating the French laïcité of the Fourth Republic.
In the previous days, the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) and Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) built a consensus on constitutional amendments and prepared a draft solution for an issue which has occupied the political agenda in Turkey for years.
Today, the speed of radicalization is almost the same for media and terror organizations as a result of an entirely networked world.
Perhaps the most important geopolitical puzzle since the collapse of the Soviet Union 25 years ago has been whether the United States will reorient its grand strategy to contain and encircle another rising great power, which is most likely to be China.
2016 had been perhaps the toughest year for the global economy since 2008, which was the year that Lehman Brothers collapsed and the world faced a truly global financial crisis.
On July 22, 2015, the PKK terrorist organization shot dead two policemen in the Ceylanpınar district of Şanlıurfa, marking the end of the so-called “reconciliation process,” a political initiative Turkish authorities had developed to establish a permanent peace in the region.
One factor that played an essential role in the election of the new President of the U.
At the Christian Democratic Union’s (CDU) party conference on December 6th, 2016, Chancellor Angela Merkel was certainly under much pressure.
The internationalization of higher education does not just increase the quality of educational institutions in a country, but also offers the potential to make remarkable contributions over a wide spectrum, from politics and economy to social and cultural areas.
In her book Alice im Männerland: Eine Zwischenbilanz (Alice in the World of Men: An Interim Balance), the most prominent feminist of Germany, Alice Schwarzer, described the Muslim headscarf as "the flag of the Islamic Crusade" in 2002.