To do so, Turkey is working with the alternative power centers such as Russia and China to develop an alternative relationship and seeks to consolidate its relations with the rising powers to balance out the U.
They believe that the monster that would appear in Babylon has already appeared in Iraq and Iran; and Iran, North Korea and China comprise the “three evil spirits” they believe to come off from the mouth of a dragon.
Erdogan was invited to the 10th Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa (BRICS) Summit in Johannesburg, South Africa as the Chairman of the Islamic Cooperation Organization,
He held bilateral meetings with the leaders of BRICS member states and other leaders who were invited.
The liberal international order has been challenged by the rise of China, the resurgence of Russia in the Middle East and in Europe, and the Brexit, a product of the populist movements throughout the West, including the U.
, Russia and China experience geo-political tensions with increasing frequency and face the possibility of direct confrontation beyond proxy-wars; liberal economics and free trade approaches rapidly lose their proponents in the world economy.