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Multi-speed EU: Cure All Remedy or Dead End?

com; EU’s big four back ‘multi-speed’ Europe) leaders of Europe’s largest economies France, Germany, Italy and Spain whilst meeting each other, German Chancellor Angela Merkel was quoted as saying: ‘We need to have the courage for some countries to go ahead if not everyone wants to participate.

A Divided Europe and Turkey

Turkey’s convergence with the United Kingdom, France and Italy Alongside these problems confronted in relations between Turkey and Germany, the Ankara administration leaned towards other European actors with whom more rational relations could be established.

Turkey and EU to get closer in 2018

With such a decline in relations, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s visit to France on 5th January and Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu’s visit to Germany on 6th January had suggested that both parties were willing to renew relations.

Towards a more Realistic German Foreign Policy?

Is Gabriel’s emphasis on Russia, Iran and Turkey a defiance? As a number of studies indicate, although the German public supports the idea of an institutionally more active EU under the leadership of Germany and France, they do not give as much credit to Germany's increasing military expenditure, which is vital for realizing this idea.