Today, from Libya to Yemen, the main characteristic of the new disorder in the Middle East is the proliferation of violent non-state armed groups, the deterioration of state structure, the rise of radical extremism, and the deepening geopolitical antagonism among states, ethnic, and religious groups.
Pompeo was also appointed to the House Select Benghazi Committee to investigate the tragic events in Benghazi, Libya.
in Libya, and Saudi Arabia’s intervention in the civil war in Yemen has deepened the crisis rather than solving it.
In 1980, the UAE mediated between Egypt and Libya on one side and Oman and South Yemen on the other.
The resulting political vacuum in countries such as Iraq and Libya was quickly filled by groups acting in the name of a so-called “Islamic State,” and the chain of destabilizing events – leading to widespread state failure in the Middle East – has now even reached the gates of Europe, with the refugee crisis threatening political stability in core countries of the European Union and endangering the cohesion of the Union itself.
With the military intervention in Syria in 2015, Russia took revenge of the Libya operation conducted during the Arab Spring, gaining the upper hand against the West.
Due to the Obama administration’s preferred selective engagement strategy in the Middle East, Iraq, like other states such as Libya, Syria, and Yemen, has become a fragmented country along very dangerous religious and ethnic fault lines.
The Libya crisis in 2011 was a typical example where interests and attention of member states did not overlap, and where they produced conflicting responses.
This can only be an irony! Shane Bell, a former Australian soldier and a senior security consultant for Iraq, Syria, and Libya, notes that “people from military-origin, like me, and intelligence agencies were aware of DAESH for a long time.
I know a lot of Syrians, Libyans who come here for medical treatment, so you need to work on it and conduct good marketing of what you have.
And, other than the Tunisian experience, and the uncertain future of Libya and maybe Yemen, I am not very hopeful about too many of them anymore.