The UAE-Saudi-led coalition has been suppressing the democratization process of the Arab world – first in Egypt, then in countries like Yemen, Libya, Algeria – and supporting authoritarian regimes to resume after the toppling of half a century old despotic rulers.
It can be argued that the motivations of protestors that led the toppling of the Al-Bashir government were similar to that of the masses during the Arab revolution protests that began in December 2010 in Tunisia, and which followed in Egypt, Libya, Syria, and Yemen.
The last time Germany acted as a non-permanent member of the UNSC had been in 2011-2012, when a CDU/CSU-FDP coalition was governing Germany and when the country faced harsh criticism by its Western allies due to abstaining from the UNSC vote on intervention in Libya (2011).
The protests had caused regime changes in countries like Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia.
Pushing back against Turkish influence in Syria, as well as throughout the greater Arab/Islamic world from Somalia to Iraq and Qatar to Libya, requires the unity of powerful Arab states, naturally making Saudi Arabia a key player in this regard from Abu Dhabi’s standpoint.
As one notices, these issues are concerning economic-based interests and expected steps by the regime in order to prevent a refugee influx from, for example, Libya to Europe.
If we are to ask the 22 families of the victims of the Manchester bombing their views, I’m sure they will find their loved ones being torn to pieces an act of appalling racism, given that it was orchestrated by a British Muslim of Libyan origin.
But why? Just as he has spearheaded calls for an EU army as opposed to greater participation in NATO, President Macron has also made no secret of his ambition to once again spread French influence across the Middle East and North Africa, particularly in Syria, Lebanon and Libya.
While ministers of Egypt, Israel, the Greek Cypriot administration of South Cyprus, Palestine, Jordan, and Italy attended the meeting, representatives of five Eastern Mediterranean countries, Turkey, Libya, Syria, Lebanon and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus were not invited.
Consequently, the strong presence and power of such elements in Libya and other places, with which the country has close proximity with, remains a source of headache for the Tunisian government.
The emergence of Daesh and other similar groups in Syria, Iraq, Libya, and Yemen, and their engagement in violent activities compelled the people to change their approach and attitude towards these groups.
As in the case of Syria and Libya, the political uncertainty and instability in the country deepened as the intervention of external actors increased.
In Libya, Syria, and Yemen, popular protests were faced with tough responses from the regimes, or were led to a proxy war with other regional actors such as the U.
Cairo also followed Saudi and Emirati instructions in its policies toward regional issues such as Libya and Yemen.
In this context, Turkey has become an important player in regional crises such as Palestine-Israel, Syria, Libya and the Gulf crises.