Despite a regional agenda, it was also noted that five of the major players in the Eastern Mediterranean, Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Libya and Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus was not present in the meeting.
Since the start of the Arab revolutions in 2011, Riyadh and Abu Dhabi have worked hard for the failure of the revolutionary process and have been directly involved in political processes in Egypt, Yemen and Libya.
Morocco’s decades-old alliance with Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is going through many bumps, which led to a re-evaluation of its strategic posture vis-à-vis many conflicts, such as in Yemen and Libya.
While the revolutionary uprisings that started in Tunisia and then spread to Egypt, Libya, Syria and Yemen shook the political structures in these countries, they also forced regional forces to implement a new Middle East strategy.
This in turn means that the cost-increasing effects of Turkey's capabilities are the weak point of the United States' three-legged anti-Russia new cold war strategy that relies on the Gulf-Europe-Eastern Mediterranean (Greece-Egypt-Libya-GCASC-Israel) trilateral cooperation.
But the absence of Turkey, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC), Lebanon and Libya despite being among the leading actors of the region shows that the forum is not an inclusive cooperation initiative.
Since the beginning of the Arab Spring in 2010, the civil wars that erupted in Syria, Yemen, and Libya, together with the tensions in Iraq, Lebanon, Algeria, Egypt, Sudan, and Palestine, are all signs of an on-going covert war in the region.
The UAE-Saudi-led coalition has been suppressing the democratization process of the Arab world – first in Egypt, then in countries like Yemen, Libya, Algeria – and supporting authoritarian regimes to resume after the toppling of half a century old despotic rulers.
Third, the Sunni Muslim states that support the Muslim Brotherhood and which embraced the political openings of 2011—Qatar and Turkey—form a camp that also includes Tunisia and Libya’s internationally-recognized government.
It can be argued that the motivations of protestors that led the toppling of the Al-Bashir government were similar to that of the masses during the Arab revolution protests that began in December 2010 in Tunisia, and which followed in Egypt, Libya, Syria, and Yemen.