Thus, major Soviet and Russian interventions in the Global South, such as the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan starting in December 1979 and continuing for a decade, and the Russian intervention to suppress the Syrian opposition since September 2015 (and continuing), expose the seemingly insurmountable rifts among the NAM members.
Daesh’s beheadings of western journalists and aid workers in Syria led to military intervention but little was said of the much larger numbers of Syrians and Iraqis beheaded and even crucified by the group.
This is especially true in regard to the impact of Anka-S and Bayraktar TB2 armed drones on the Syrian regime forces during Operation Spring Shield in early 2020, which stimulated debates among scholars, observers, and professionals in defense and security circles regarding the future of drones and warfare in general.
In Europe, the terror group focuses on non-violent propaganda work with demonstrations, marches, culture festivals, and various campaigns as well as extorting money and selling drugs to finance its violent terror activities in Turkey, Iraq, and Syria.
For example, in the wake of the murder of a Turkish citizen in Ankara by a young Syrian, many social media users in Turkey attacked refugee rights in the country with the hashtag "we don't want refugees," knowing that the ruling party opened the border to Syrian refugees fleeing the civil war.
However, Iran’s allies in Panjshir have been all but wiped out, and its Shia Hazara militia proxies in the Fatemiyoun Brigades who served with such bloody distinction in killing Syrian civilians are also in no position to fight Afghanistan’s new rulers – at least not yet.
(99) The pandemic also allowed authorities in Lebanon and China to impose stricter regulations on refugees from Syria and Africa respectively, and indulge in discriminatory practices where local citizens were made to adhere to a different set of precautionary rules.
Read: China-US Rivalries after the Afghan War
ISIS-K and their objectives
The Islamic State Khorasan Province, also known as Daesh Khorasan, ISIS-K, ISKP, is an official affiliate of the so-called Islamic State in Afghanistan, as acknowledged by its central leadership in Iraq and Syria.