The picture for the position of the global powers does not change when we add Germany and China to the equation as well.
In this respect, Turkey should improve relations with global powers like Russia and China, while emphasizing cooperation and tensions with regional powers like Saudi Arabia and Iran.
For a multi-polar world order Russia wants to form a new power center with countries like China, India and Iran under the umbrella of International Organizations like the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)Moreover, the Eurasian Economic Union and the Collective Security Treaty Organization formed by the former Soviet bloc countries are a part of Russia’s initiative towards establishing new blocks.
President Erdoğan had one-on-one meetings with leaders of prominent countries including the US, Russia, China and India.
In this context, the attention in public opinion focusing on Turkey-China relations is quite natural given that China is the world's leading rising power that gradually erodes Western institutional, economic and technological hegemony; while Turkey is the leading rising power in the Middle East, Balkans and Caucasus axis.
he ancient silk route was a caravan trade corridor between China, Transoxiana, Persia, Caucasia, Anatolia, the Levant and Europe.
hina-Turkey diplomatic relations have followed a fluctuating trend since they were officially established in 1971.
, France-Italy Partnership (the European Consortium), and Russia and China participated in the T-LORAMIDS tender.
The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, which was founded under the leadership of China, and of which Turkey is a founding partner, is a good example of this situation.
As far as we know, today the politicians in China, Russia, Europe or the US don’t refer to history that much? What would you say about this? They only employ symbols from time to time and that’s it.
Perhaps the most important geopolitical puzzle since the collapse of the Soviet Union 25 years ago has been whether the United States will reorient its grand strategy to contain and encircle another rising great power, which is most likely to be China.
China’s slowing economic growth, Brexit, Donald Trump’s economic promises, the US Federal Reserve’s (Fed) interest rate decisions, and the increasing fragility of European banks descended over us like a nightmare for the global economy.
, it was supposed to serve as a tool against China’s increasing dominance in the region.
Over the last decade, Turkey has been the second country, after China, in terms of gas and electricity demand growth.
By becoming the indispensable conduit from emerging markets to Europe, Turkey and the region at large has become the hub for all kinds of flows from the Middle East, Central Asia, Russia, and China to Europe.
For instance, examining the projects that China, South Korea and Singapore have implemented in their higher education systems over the last 10 years will be enough to understand the huge competition going on in the world, not only in the economy but also in higher education.