Some middle powers such as Turkey are traditionally seen as key military allies by the West, while others such as Canada and Japan are considered major trade partners.
At the time, even countries such as Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and some western powers, which backed rebels fighting to topple Assad, agreed upon Syria’s internationally recognized borders and recognized the country as a legitimate nation-state.
The tension has primarily been between Turkey, Greece, and the GCA, and escalated with further delimitation agreements such as those between Lebanon and the GCA (2007), Israel and the GCA (2010), Turkey and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) (2011), Turkey and Libya (2019), and Greece and Egypt (2020).
Read: Turkey is the New Strategic Player in AfricaHowever, family dynasties could also be seen in some African countries.
Turkey was also a partner in the program, but was removed by the United States in 2020 due to Ankara's purchase of S-400 air defense systems from the Russian Federation.
Even 93-year-old former far-right party leader Jean Marie Le Pen declared that he supports Zemmour instead of his daughter!
At the end of the day, NATO’s non-EU members, namely Turkey, the U.
Read: The Great Turan: Russia’s Concerns about Turkey’s Growing Reputation in Caucasus and Central AsiaIn his official statement, Tokayev called protesters “bandits and terrorists,” stating that “foreign states” had masterminded the protests and were organizing a de facto foreign invasion of the country.
He used to have a business in Turkey and returned from there in 2018 after the PKK’s removal.
For example, the strategic cooperation between Ukraine and Turkey, especially on drone technology has been very effective in aiding Ukraine’s fight against the insurgency.
Read: Turkey’s Intelligence SecurityThe increasing relationship between private intelligence companies and intelligence services brought about a significant change to the classical structure of intelligence.
Finally, Macron’s visit shows that France can still be an actor in the Gulf and the Middle East, and can defend its interests there; however, its weight is limited, especially in the regional conflicts (Iran, Syria, Palestine, Yemen), not only when compared with the United States, but also with regional powers such as Turkey, Iran, or Russia.
“Racism is not an opinion, it is a criminal act!” – An Interview with Tareq Alaows on Political Representation in Germany
After traveling to Lesbos, Greece through Turkey, I took the Balkan route.
They could both better materialize their energy cooperation and target Turkey’s gas explorations as well as challenge Turkey’s maritime superiority in the Middle East and Eastern Mediterranean.