In order to assess the geopolitical dimensions of the failed coup in Turkey, first of all, one has to acknowledge that there is a near consensus in Turkey that the failed military coup was executed by the followers of Fetullah Gülen, who has been living in the United States since 1999.
On July 15, Turkey thwarted a coup attempt by FETO (Fetullah Gülen Terror Organization) with the resistance of the Turkish people, who showed their faith in the Turkish Republic and democracy.
The long and painful night connecting July 15 to July 16 witnessed a series of extraordinary events that rattled Turkey’s democracy through an unorthodox military coup perpetrated by military officers associated with a terrorist organization secretly formed by messianic and secretive cleric Fethullah Gülen.
With that said, the security threat that Turkey faces is multiple.
Countries such as Albania or Bosnia (and even Turkey, where less than 1% of the population is non-Muslim) are also confronted, to differing degrees, with more subtle but still pernicious forms of anti-Islam rhetoric, and sometimes discrimination.
This poem was called Schmähkritik (abusive criticism), which is a legal concept by the German Constitutional Court and will be defined later, and contained 24 lines that were filled with profanities and, more importantly, Islamophobic and anti-Turkish stereotypes targeting the President of Turkey.
The history of Turkey and Iran, two of the Middle East’s most powerful nation-states, is characterized by years of rivalry, which remains the case today as Iran seeks to shape the region in consistency with its vision.
Although second-rank party to the agreement, Russia was to be given parts of eastern Turkey (defined as “Armenia”), Istanbul and the Turkish Straits.
For instance, the US and Russia initiated a secret negotiation process to try to manage the Syrian Crisis by excluding related regional states such as Iran, Turkey and Saudi Arabia.
Contributions, or at least the consent of the regional actors such as Turkey, Iran and Saudi Arabia, are crucial for the sustainability of order in the region.
In addition, Egyptians adored Turks; it was amazing for me! I could not believe how much they respected and loved Turkey.
The Egyptian Perspective on Normalization Riyadh wishes to bring Turkey and Egypt back to the table in order to form a strong coalition.