The negative image of Islam is not just a Western project, but it also has a history in Turkey and other Muslim majority countries.
), a fellowship hall including a restaurant, cafe and shops, a double Turkish bath with its pool and indoor sports hall, a guesthouse, a state-of-the-art Museum of Islamic Civilizations, a neighborhood consisting of Turkish houses, a Turkish-Islamic garden, open sport areas, picnic areas, fountains and parking area for 400 vehicles.
You look at the original mobilization that established the Turkish national state – I only make a passing reference to that in the book but I discuss it in at least two separate independent articles, including “the monoreligious but anti-ethnic definition of Turkish nationhood” which was published in Middle Eastern Studies in 2009, and a much more recent article, which appeared in Social Science Quarterly in September 2015 and is titled “Religion and Nationalism: Contradictions of Islamic Origins and Secular Nation-Building in Turkey, Algeria and Pakistan”.
The message emphasized the common historical denominators of Turks and Kurds, who are united by their Islamic fraternity, and called on the PKK to withdraw their forces from Turkey, and stay loyal to the ceasefire until a peace agreement is concluded through negotiations.
In both cases, these “barbaric” and “foreign” attacks targeted peaceful civilians and the only possible response would be the declaration of a “global war on Terror” (Georges Bush) or a “merciless war” against the Islamic State (François Hollande).